The Annual W. G. Hoskins Lecture
The contribution made to English local history by Professor W. G. Hoskins is widely recognised. As founder of the Department of, now the Centre for, English Local History, his achievements are commemorated by the Friends each year in the annual W. G. Hoskins lecture given by a distinguished historian. Following the lecture, Friends and visitors are welcome to adjourn afterwards for tea and conversation.
The lecture is a public one, and the Friends encourage anyone who is interested in the topic to attend. A small charge of is made for those who are not members of the Friends, but in return for this you have a warm welcome to the lecture and to tea afterwards.
2022 Lecture Saturday 2nd July 2022
Time : 1pm to 4pm.
Venue : King Richard III Centre, Leicester.
Keynote speaker : Professor Andrew Hopper
The Friends are pleased to welcome you to our first Hoskins’ Day since before the coronavirus pandemic. We are also particularly delighted to welcome Professor Andrew Hopper, a former Director of the Centre, as our guest lecturer who will be speaking on the topic of The Local Politics of Civil-War Military Welfare.
In addition to the Hoskins’ Day lecture there will be talks by two of the Centre’s current PhD students on their research. We hope you enjoy the day and manage to take the opportunity to visit the Richard III Centre’s exhibition.
|12.00 to 1.00pm||Registration (Richard III Centre open to visitors)|
|1.00 to 1.15pm||Introduction|
|1.15 to 2.00pm||PhD Research Verne Walker and Rachel Small|
|2.00 to 2.15pm||Break|
|2,15 to 3.15pm||Hoskins’ Lecture Professor Andrew Hopper|
|3.15 to 4,00pm||Refreshments|
|4.00 pm||Close (Richard III Centre will be available to visitors)|
PROFESSOR ANDREW HOPPER
The Local Politics of Civil-War Military Welfare
This Hoskins Day lecture will address the question of how maimed soldiers, war widows and orphans petitioned for welfare to alleviate their sufferings during and after the British Civil Wars. Drawing on evidence from the Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded ‘Conflict, Welfare and Memory’ project (2017-2022), Professor Hopper will set out the human costs of war that fell upon the local community both during the conflict itself, and in subsequent generations. He will examine how the local community participated, both in raising the funds for this pension scheme, and in influencing which claimants were deemed most worthy of relief. Using striking human-interest stories from the project website www.civilwarpetitions.ac.uk, the lecture will explore how claimants navigated parish politics to seek relief and what the project’s records can tell us about local memories of the conflict.
Andrew Hopper is a historian of religion, politics and society in early modern England with research expertise on the British and Irish Civil Wars. Andrew graduated from the University of York in 1999 with a doctoral thesis examining the nature of parliamentarian allegiance in civil-war Yorkshire. Thereafter he worked as a researcher for the JISC-funded Virtual Norfolk Project at the University of East Anglia (2000-2003) and the AHRC-funded High Court of Chivalry Project at the University of Birmingham (2003-2006). He was appointed Lecturer in the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester in 2006, where he was promoted to Professor (2018) and Director of the Centre (2020). Andrew moved to the Department for Continuing Education at the University of Oxford in September 2021.
Women’s work in civil war Wales 1640-48
The women of Wales have often been overlooked in the history of the British civil wars as has women’s everyday work during the wars. Whilst large studies have explored women’s work in the early modern period, the strategies employed by women in terms of work in a world turned upside down by civil war have not. This talk will outline the project on the hitherto unexplored response of women in local Welsh communities in terms of the work undertaken during times of conflict. Understanding the ways in which women’s experiences of labour changed in response to the social and political upheaval of the civil wars is central to our understandings of the ways in which gendered identities were shaped in early modern Britain.
Verne Walker is a part-time post graduate research student at The University of Leicester. After obtaining her undergraduate degree in history from the Open University, she undertook her MA at The University of Leicester, in English Local and Family History, at the Centre for English Local History. She is now working on her PhD women’s work in England and Wales in the British civil wars at the Centre for Local History at Leicester.
Food, identity and humoral theory in early modern England: a case study from Leicestershire
Archaeological studies of food have generally taken an isolationist approach: they have tended to consider animal bones and plant remains separately and have largely failed to integrate written sources fully into their discussion. Furthermore, interpretations have generally focused on economics of production or on identifying aspects of dietary identity. A major omission in current scholarship is consideration of humoral theory as a framework that guided contemporary attitudes to diet and good health. My research addresses these gaps in knowledge through an interdisciplinary case-study of an early modern aristocratic household – the Grey family at Bradgate House, Leicestershire. In this presentation, I will outline the results of my research on the animal bones, plants remains and contemporary household accounts, and consider the influence of humoral theory over consumption behaviour and the construction and negotiation of group identities.
Rachel received her BSc in Archaeology and MA in Bioarchaeology from the University of Leicester, and is a member of the archaeobotany working group. Rachel joined ULAS in 2013, initially assisting with finds and environmental processing, before taking on the role of Environmental Officer, co-ordinating sampling and processing strategies for sites as well as producing specialist reports on plant remains. Rachel has been heavily involved in recent excavations including those at Kilsby, Northamptonshire and the Field School excavation at Bradgate Park, Leicestershire.
Rachel is interested in medieval and post-medieval consumption behaviours. She is undertaking a part-time PhD with the University of Leicester, funded by Midlands Three Cities, which considers the extent to which humoral theory (a medical ideology) influenced consumption behaviour in early modern England. Her case study is the diet of the Grey family who lived at Bradgate Park in Leicester, and she is taking a multi-disciplinary approach analysing animal bones and plant remains from recent excavations and historical documents.
Admission and refreshments will be free for members. This includes an opportunity to look around the King Richard III exhibition before or after the main event.
2019 Lecture Saturday 15 June
The lecturer will be Professor Stephen Rippon from Exeter University. He is a past president of the Medieval Research Group, which has strong links with Leicester.
2018 Lecture Saturday 23 June – Wharram Percy and its Landscape Contexts
The Hoskins Lecture this year was given by Dr Stuart Wrathmell, perhaps best known to former students for his formidable ‘Atlas of Rural Settlement in England’, (with B.K. Roberts) but who has also done much distinguished work on early settlements, and his presentation to us of ‘Wharram Percy and its Landscape Contexts’ was a fascinating update on that intriguing site.
2016 Lecture 21 May – Trees and Topography
Depictions of individual trees in the C18th and C19th by Professor Charles Watkins from the School of Geography, University of Nottingham
2015 Lecture 27 June – The Power of Pits
The 2015 Hoskins Lecture was given by Professor Carenza Lewis and title of her talk was ‘The Power of Pits — New evidence for rural settlement development from excavations in eastern England’.
2014 Lecture – 7 June
The 2014 Hoskin Lecture was given by Professor Chris Dyer.
In 2013 Dr Richard Gaunt of Nottingham University spoke on ‘Patrician Landscapes in Nottinghamshire in the Georgian Era’.
The 2012 lecture was given on 26 May 2012 by Dr Susan Oosthuizen who spoke on ‘Medieval Open Fields and their Origins’.
For more than a century scholars have agreed that the open fields of medieval England, divided into furlongs and strips, and frequently ridged, were an Anglo-Saxon introduction. The earliest researchers asserted that Anglo-Saxon migrants brought collective cultivation with them. Later scholarship suggested a middle Anglo-Saxon date, perhaps related to the expansion of vast aristocratic estates. This lecture takes a different approach. It asks whether the longue durée has anything to contribute to these debates, and does so by setting medieval fields in the wider context of those laid out, managed and cultivated by prehistoric and Roman Britain farmers.
The 2011 lecture was given on 4 June by Dr Angus Winchester of the University of Lancaster, entitled ‘Custom and Common Rights: the management of common land in England and Wales since the Middle Ages’
The 2010 lecture was given on 12 June 2010 by Dr Michael Wood who spoke about the making of ‘The English Story’ which became a series of six one-hour television programmes looking at the history of Kibworth, an apparently, undistinguished village on the A6 between Leicester and Market Harborough.
The 2009 lecture was held on Saturday 16 May, when Dr Rosamund Faith spoke on ‘Exploring Anglo-Saxon Farms’ and discussed some of her research approaches to this topic. Dr Faith’s interests extend across the whole medieval period. She is perhaps best known for her book, The English Peasantry and the Growth of Lordship, published in 1997. In 2002 she was awarded the John Nichols prize for her essay on a South Devon estate in the Anglo-Saxon period. She is currently working on a co-authored book for Oxford University Press about Anglo-Saxon farming.
2008 Lecture – TheEnglish Story
A large audience in the Ken Edwards Building welcomed Dr Michael Wood who gave
the 21st Hoskins Day lecture. Introducing Dr Wood, Chairman of the Friends Frank
Galbraith, noted that it was hardly necessary to introduce one who is so well
known for a number of historical programmes produced for television, from ‘In
search for the Dark Ages’ (1979) to ‘History of India’ (2007). He has also
published a number of historical works.
Dr Wood first made reference to the works of W.G Hoskins and R. Hilton and the influence they had on him in forming his understanding of history. Hoskins’ approach of looking at history from the perspective of ordinary people had made an indelible impression on him. By bringing together an understanding of the landscape with the people who lived and toiled in it, Hoskins used whatever information he could find about ordinary people and produced a story showing how they lived, which helps us to understand how our communities have evolved. Michael has taken Hoskins’ approach and adapted it to television, using the latest technology and techniques available to archaeologists and historians. In this way, it is hoped that people will find it easier to understand how history has shaped the way we live today.
‘The English Story’ will be a series of six one-hour television programmes looking at the history of Kibworth, an apparently, undistinguished village on the A6 between Leicester and Market Harborough. Dr Wood explained that the original agreement with the BBC was to produce a series that would explore the history of an ordinary village from the Norman invasion to the present day. It was assumed that a year would be more than sufficient to complete the series. But why choose Kibworth, or more accurately, the three linked villages of Kibworth Harcourt, Kibworth Beauchamp and Smeeton Westerby? The answer lay in the extraordinary amount of archival evidence that is available, especially on Kibworth Harcourt, which came into the estate of Merton College, Oxford in 1270. The Hundred Rolls of 1270 no longer exist but did so when Burton wrote his history of the county in1672 and Burton’s notes are published in Nichol’s History of Leicestershire (1779). The County Record Office holds over 20,000 pre-1600 wills, including a number from Kibworth. In addition, a number of families have remained in the area for three or four hundred years and therefore provide that link between past and present.
Having decided on a location, Dr Wood explained how the production team set about their work after June 2009. The first that most villagers knew of the project was a notice advising that a team of archaeologists from the University of Leicester Archaeological Service, together with Carenza Lewis and a film crew, would be in Kibworth at the beginning of July and villagers were asked to participate and dig test pits over the weekend. As a result, fifty five pits were dug in the three communities, the majority of which were in Kibworth Harcourt. Finds included Roman pottery, fifth or sixth-century pottery, an Anglo-Saxon bone comb and some eighth-century Ipswich ware at Smeeton Westerby. Some pieces of St Neots and Stamford ware were also found as well as considerable amounts of seventeenth and eighteenth-century items.
While the finds were being analysed, the team were looking for any other evidence of early habitation. They came across evidence of a Roman villa that had been located by Bert Aggass, a local archaeologist and historian, during the 1960s. At this point, the team became aware that the area had a rich history going back much further in time and which offered the possibility of some exciting finds. The BBC agreed for the project to be expanded. A geophysical survey of the area located by Mr Aggass clearly showed the complete plan of a large Roman villa, and in the same field the team found a bronze age barrow. Also in the field is the mound of the first windmill which is known to have been in existence before 1280. Not far away lies a mound, locally referred to as the Munt, which has always been considered to be the base of a Norman motte and bailey. Work undertaken by the survey team now suggests that the mound has a much earlier origin and was originally the burial mound of a Romano- British chief. It subsequently became a motte and bailey in later times.
Turning to later times, Dr Wood acknowledged the work of Dr Cecily Howell whose PhD thesis on Kibworth Harcourt was subsequently published under the title Land, Family and Inheritance in Transition; Kibworth Harcourt 1280-1700 (Cambridge, 1983). Her work enabled Dr Wood to delve further into the history of the families and buildings and relate them to life in the community today. Much of the research was undertaken at Merton College library and the Record Office for Leicester, Leicestershire and Rutland. A dendro-chronology survey of the Manor Farm house has shown that part of it dates from the period 1320-40. Various open meetings have been held where villagers have brought in all sorts of items that have historical connections with the area. As the area is on the western boundary of Danish influence, some of the families who have stayed in the area were asked if they would take a DNA test to ascertain whether there might be evidence of families having stayed in the area since the invasion.
Dr Wood ended the lecture by showing a short film clip of the day that test pits were dug. Time did not permit him to talk about the nineteenth and twentieth centuries but this did not seem important as his enthusiasm for his subject and the enormous amount of information that has been uncovered held the audience’s attention to the end.
This series of programmes will provide an opportunity to take Hoskins’ approach to local history and use the latest technology to describe how communities evolved and so contribute to The English Story. Local historians in towns and villages up and down the country may well wonder how much more could be learnt about their own community if only sufficient money, expertise and time were available. Kibworth is very fortunate in having been chosen for this project because it has elicited knowledge and information that could not have been obtained by the local history society.